Wednesday Oct 18, 2017

Conventions

Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREG, 1972); International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS, 1974); International Convention on Salvage (SALVAGE, 1989); United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS, 1982) and International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR, 1979).

 

1.     Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREG, 1972): A convention to guarantee maximum safety at sea, and belief in the need to revise and update the international regulations that prevent collisions at sea;

2.     International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS, 1974): emphasizing on safety of people's lives at sea through establishing uniform principles and regulations, approved and agreed in a manner that a vessel is dedicated to provide the necessary services;

3.     International Convention on Salvage (SALVAGE, 1989): Considering the high significance appointed in many conventions to assisting people in distress at sea, provision of effective and sufficient facilities by coastal States for maritime search and rescue services, the need for adequate incentives for people participating in rescue operations, increasing interest in protecting the marine environment and the significant role played by efficient and timely rescue operations for safeguarding vessels and properties at risk, and the marine environment;

4.     United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS, 1982): This convention presents a comprehensive regime of laws and regulations for seas and oceans of the world in regard to all possible functionalities of waters and resources therein, through encompassing the traditional principles in this respect and providing a matrix for development and change in certain legal aspects of marine and maritime activities; and

5.     International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR, 1979): This convention was approved in 1979 in a diplomatic conference in Hamburg, Germany, and entered into force in 1985, with the objective of preparing a global system for coordination among SAR authorities, and cooperation among neighboring entities, if required, for assisting people in distress at sea. This convention also encourages preparation of Parties for SAR operations through establishing maritime rescue coordination centers (MRCCs) and sub-centers (MRSCs), and operational frameworks in distress situations.